To read the whole of this File, order Tahiti Pacifique n° 422 en click here
To read the whole of this File, order Tahiti Pacifique n° 422 en click here
Créer du lien au sein de l’association et nous connaître un peu mieux. Parce qu’une association c’est avant tout créer des occasions de se rencontrer, d’échanger, nous avons décidé de déclencher ces occasions afin que tous les adhérents puissent avoir un vrai rôle participatif, que chacun puisse...
Tahiti Pacifique from 11/15/19 by Dominique Schmitt
After the removal of mooring areas on the island of Moorea, especially at Tahiamanu beach, it is Tahiti's turn to tackle the sailboats. Thus, the bay of Outumaoro (our photo) crystallizes all the tensions, since a decree regulating the mooring there should "reconsider the lagoon occupation”, indicated the Minister of Regional Planning, Jean-Christophe Bouissou, who wishes ban anchor boats and, above all, clear the area in anticipation of the Tahitian Village project ... Although to our knowledge it has still not found investors, it is thus at least fifty sailboats which must to be relocated. Problem: "We are all victims of our success. (…) We must now move forward and anticipate to achieve reasoned management of the occupation of our lagoons, "explained René Temeharo, Minister of Equipment and Land Transport. Clearly, the country is working to" offer alternatives suitable, which will be offered by the Autonomous Port of Papeete as far as it is concerned ", with, for example," the installation of moorings in Vaitupa bay ", or along the airport runway at Faa'a.
However, only 60% of the sailboats concerned will find a place, announced
Mr. Bouissou, which worries boaters. Other possible places have been suggested such as Phaëton Bay, in Papeari, but this option is not possible for everyone due to the distance: also, it has already drawn the wrath of Valentina Cross, who fears that these sailboats "come to swarm in the lagoon of Papeari, Mataiea or Atimaono". The elected sovereignist of the municipality of Teva i Uta even estimated that they are "lagoon squatters" or "polluters". It is however very bad to know the people of the sea, justly reputed to be very respectful of the environment! And then, by the way, remember that the country brings in giant and ultra-polluting cruise ships in the city center of Papeete…
In a press release, the Association of sailboats in Polynesia (AVP) offers the government "a study with the aim of better knowing the sailboats actually present on the scene, by making a list of the situations and current expectations of each user" in order to to "facilitate the relocation of sailboats in the best of situations". The AVP also recalls that nautical tourism brings in no less than 16.6 billion Fcfp each year to the Polynesian economy.
On land or on the sea, sorting is a reflex for eco-citizens. As part of the waste reduction week, we focused on sailors who have chosen to live aboard a sailboat. Often singled out and accused of polluting the lagoons, they defend themselves: these seafarers advocate an ecological lifestyle.
An eco-label to change misconceptions about the way of life of seafarers: the association of sailboats in Polynesia has put in place a charter of good conduct. A guide to inform about sorting waste, water treatment, maintenance of the ship or even respecting access. It is intended for both boaters arriving in Polynesia and those already moored in marinas.
“Today there is a lack of understanding of the lifestyle and needs of boaters. The association is there for that, and it is developing this eco-label to create a communication interface between boaters and professionals, or marinas, all the people who intervene and are affected by boating, ”explains Éric Pinel, vice-president of the Association of Sailboats in Polynesia.
Life aboard a sailboat is in itself ecological. Energy self-sufficiency is produced by solar panels and wind turbines. Water consumption is also reduced. Desalination systems produce fresh water. More sensitive point: the black water, that of the toilets on board. The storage tank is compulsory for pleasure vessels with toilets and built after 2008.
Sailboats moored to the pontoon occasionally empty it because they often use the amenities of marinas. It is the boats at anchor that are more often pointed out. At the Taina marina, of the 136 boats moored to dead bodies, only 26 are inhabited.
Living on a boat is also a change in consumption mode: reduce plastic packaging, think of bulk products… This boater, for example, chooses healthier household products on a daily basis: “These are grandmother's recipes all simple. For the laundry, we use traditional black knowledge. We do our laundry ourselves. It's relatively simple, ”says Éric Pinel.
And as on earth, sorting waste is possible. At the Taina marina, blue flag for the seventh consecutive year, infrastructures are made available to boaters: glass and oil terminal, but also the green and gray bins. However, there is still an effort to be made in sorting despite the many consignments posted.
"We recognize that there are certain boaters who do not have a correct attitude" admits Eric. "But often it is due to a lack of information, so this eco-label and this charter are there for that."
Sorting is also the workhorse of the management of the Tahiti Yacht Club. Above all, we develop the learning of sailing with the younger generation. The site welcomes only fifteen permanent residents. Again, there is no shortage of instructions for sorting properly. "We made the effort to present on a table all the selective sorting in the town of Arue, to know exactly how it is going, with the detail of the trash pickups etc." specifies Jessee Besson, the director of the Yacht Club.
A garbage space is available, but it must be renovated. Despite this, the Yacht Club notes that a minority tarnishes the image of the seafarers. Video surveillance installed for security reasons has made it possible to identify boaters not registered with the club, depositing their waste in the middle of the night. on the pontoon. And for the sorting of the oil cans, there too there are efforts to be made, deplores Jessee who denounces bad behavior of certain people.
At the Papeete marina, only 4 sailboats are permanently manned. The site mainly accommodates boats in transit. For foreign crews concerned about respecting the environment, once waste ashore is a problem. The capital's marina is not equipped with voluntary drop-off points. It’s up to sailors to find them in the city.
Here is the article published under the title Boating: Unwanted sailboats in Moorea in Tahiti Pacific from January 25. You can download it at this address
or read it below.
Like you, I am quite saddened (and I measure my words) at reading this article. But let's stay positive. We look like unruly rascals? Well, let's grumble, but between us. Don't stretch yards to beat us. Let this article be an opportunity for everyone to comment on under the article. And it may also be the time
If you can read me, you need to be able to comment. Let us organize the debate, we will carry this legitimate word where we want to hear it.
In a crisis meeting on 25 January, the office of the Association of Sailors in Polynesia debated the attitude to be held. Two diverging positions emerge:
We agree not to react at this time; on the other hand, we will once again request an appointment with the mayor of Moorea (without much hope, the previous requests having remained unanswered)
Same debate around the dissemination of this article. Again, two diverging positions:
Since the posting of an article from a paid newspaper still on sale is not legal, we agree to distribute it only to our members.
Friday 25 January 2019 - written by Toatane Rurua
In the run-up to the public inquiry into the renewal of the PGEM in Moorea, the municipality decided, for the sake of the environment and the safety of sea users, to remove certain mooring areas deemed "polluting" or "risky" accident." New areas and new infrastructure would be under consideration to better structure the reception of sailboats. The Tahiamanu area, in particular, crystallizes all tensions, waiting for solutions.
While the draft revision of the MMIS (Marine Space Management Plan) will soon be subject to a public inquiry in Moorea for consultation with the public and institutions, there is concern among boaters. And for good reason, at a municipal council held at the end of last year, the majority of elected officials decided to remove some mooring areas popular with sailboats and tourists, especially the one in front of The beach of Tahiamanu.
And yet, since the beginning of the discussions between the various parties (elected, representatives of sailboats...) in the context of the revision of the PGEM, the representatives of the sailboats have taken a categorical position from the outset: it was out of the question to exclude boaters in the "mythical and emblematic" area of Tahiamanu. This site would be a must for boaters, especially tourists, given the beauty of the site and the landscape. The tone was quickly set, as boaters on Sister Island launched a petition against the removal of the mooring area in September 2017. The spirits finally calmed down with the elect, afterwards...
But as discussions continued, with technical support from the French Agency for Biodiversity, as part of the RESCCUE (Restoration of Ecosystem Services and Adaptation to Climate Change) project, and adapting to climate change), the majority decided to adopt a firm decision on the mooring areas to be allowed. In addition to the Tahiamanu site, other mooring areas would also be removed: Papetoai (near submerged tiki), Opunohu, Haapiti, Afareaitu (Maatea and Patae), Teavaro (opposite the Maamaa Valley).
However, the reaction of the boaters' representatives remains to be seen in the near future. Will we not see a clash in the coming days between the municipality and them? One thing is for sure, they would be determined to make their voices heard. But why so much intransigence on the part of the mayor of Moorea, Evans Haumani, and his majority vis-à-vis sailboats?
The tàvana and its municipal council simply express, in the face of the growing number of sailboats, their desire to structure the welcome of boaters and to restore order in the face of certain harmful behaviors around Sister Island. There is a clear desire to make them pay for the usual communal services, such as water or waste collection, like any citizen of the island. In the appendix
its deliberation No. 93 /2018 of September 13, 2018, the elected representatives, who have expressed their wish to introduce a levy/tax, as well as to reduce the quota of moorings, state precisely: "Too many sailboats and yachts are present on the water, without any financial consideration paid to the municipality, while the latter deposit their waste on land or come to delight themselves in water.
The absence of these services available to sailboats would cause some drifts, which would be very poorly appreciated by some residents. "These sailboats (in Opunohu Bay) have been there for years. At first, they would come and throw their garbage in the store's garbage can, before the owner realized it and took out his garbage. Afterwards, they continued to throw their garbage bags into the sea. There's all kinds of rubbish in their bags, like cans," says a fisherman from Urufara. "Once, a boater came to drop his garbage on chairs in my yard and used my water. I made it clear to him that he shouldn't do it again. I wonder if they now use the garbage cans or water of other inhabitants," said Edmée Brosious, president of the association Paruru ia Opunohu.
Pollution in the lagoon is also one of the issues of concern to the elected representatives of Sister Island. As a reminder, one of the objectives of the Moorea PGEM is the control of pollution and degradation of the marine environment. However, on the eve of the renewal of this PGEM, created in 2004, it cannot be said that sailboats have so far made a strong impression on elected officials, as well as the population, in terms of limiting their impact on the environment. This is revealed in particular by a survey carried out as part of the Rescue project among the residents of Opunohu Bay (Report "Management of moorings in Opunohu/Moorea and The Gambier"). According to the results of this survey, "boaters suffer overall from a bad image, residents consider that all wastewater (toilets, dishes) go to sea without treatment and pollute, with a significant impact on fish that are at risk of being caught and on bathing waters. They also consider that sailboats throw their anchors on reefs and destroy corals."
Some residents do not hesitate to express their frustration. "These sailboa[à Urufara, dans baie de Opunohu]ts have been there for years. They use a bucket of water to collect water from the toiletand and pour it into the sea. This is very bad for the children since they bathe just a few meters from the sailboats. I don't live around Tahiamanu, but I'm sure the sailboats are doing the same thing there," says the fisherman from Urufara before adding that "the mtito'i and the elected officials know what is going on. It is up to them to go to them to make a reminder to order. It would be nice if these sailboats were moved to sites where they would have adequate infrastructure at their disposal, such as toilets. For example, there is the Papetoe wharf."
"Many fish such as orare, ohopu or ha'urà have not been coming to Opunohu Bay for a few years. The same goes for dolphins. There's also less ature. We are convinced that this is due to the pollution caused by the sailboats and the Jet-Ski excursions. I personally told tavana Evans that we don't want it in this[les voiliers et les Jet-Skis] bay anymore," insists Edmée Brosious.
In addition to the environmental impact on the marine environment, the visual discomfort caused by sailboats to the population in certain mooring areas, such as Tahiamanu, would also worry the elected representatives of Sister Island.
Non-compliance with anchoring regulations
But if there is one point that worries Moorea's tàvana and its deputy mayors the most in the revision of the PGEM, it is that of the safety of all sea users. It says, for example, that the presence of sailboats in the Tahiamanu area hinders the channel. This increases the risk of an accident and poses a safety issue, which is the responsibility of the mayor. The decision to remove this area was not long in coming, especially since it is one of the areas most frequented by tourist providers (boats, motor canoes, Jet-Skis, etc.), fishermen and the population. This lagoon area, in addition to being well located between several hotels and guesthouses, represents an indispensable access route to some must-see tourist sites (scuba diving, shark-feeding, stingray feeding, tiki submarines ...) or other popular sites such as motu Tiahura and Faaone in Haapiti. All these boats are therefore obliged to circumnavigate each time the 20 to 30 sailboats present in the channel, throughout the year. In addition to the safety in the channel, the safety of bathers who regularly come to relax at Tahiamanu beach, located a few meters from the mooring area and the channel, is also of concern to elected officials.
JULIEN GUILLET, CREOCEAN TECHNICIAN, IN THE RESCCUE PROJECT
ON A DETERMINED WHAT OF WETS ON CAN
"Our work at the Tahiamanu site was of two kinds: protection against beach soil erosion and the establishment of an organized mooring area for boaters. The technical aspect was to design, the mooring area, to size the anchors. ecological, the mooring line, the buoys and put it all on planes. It was necessary to know how much boat could be put on the area respecting the avoidance zones, the lengths of the mooring line. To do this, we did a mapping of the bottoms, we went to see the nature of the bottoms, the thicknesses of the sand bottom materials to find out if we could put ecological anchors, knowing that such ecological anchorage requires having two to three meters of Sand. Once we had this information, we were able to determine how many wecould put moorings with their characteristics, as well as the diameter of chains, buoys... On the location of the moorings, we exchanged beforehand with the elected officials. Similarly, field visits and surveys were conducted with local residents. There was the problem, with these, not to put too many moorings in front of the lagoons. There were also exchanges on the ground with elected officials and the boaters' representative. This helped to identify an area that was generally suitable for everyone. We have revised our plan for the implementation of the moorings several times, taking into account each time the constraints of the local actors. Thus, in the Tahiamanu area, a first number of moorings had been set. This was revised in line with the location of the area, which was moved along the way to accommodate the remarks, such as the problem of navigation in the channel and the passage of the providers. This is a problem for policy makers who, at some point, have to decide how much is accepted. Discussions took place as part of the review of the MSP. What happens next is outside our framework."
The risk of an accident created by the excessive number of sailboats in some mooring areas is in fact only a direct consequence of the non-compliance with the regulations of the PGEM, on the part of some boaters in recent years, regarding the delay allowed anchors. Current regulations provide that a boat can remain anchored for 48 hours on the sand bottoms. After this period, it must be anchored in the areas provided for this purpose, a maximum of 7 consecutive days and 90 cumulative days during the year." It is clear that this rule is not respected by all. In the Tahiamanu mooring area, for example, five sailboats have remained on site for a few years, according to the municipality's nautical brigade. If there is no question of banning the presence of boaters in Moorea, even as this tourism tends to develop, between the incivility of some boaters and laxity of the authorities, it is time to put some order.
Stephanie BETZ PRESIDENT OF TAIMOANA (UNION OF AALINS)
"COMME ALL IN THE WORLD, TU PAYES IF there is A SERVICE"
Moorea's elected officials are currently concerned about a number of issues, such as garbage cans and pollution caused by sailboats. What do you say to them?
These issues were heard last year at the PGEM meetings with the mayor and the teams of the municipality. There were too many sailboats in Tahiamanu, garbage cans, pollution stories with sewage from sailboats, toilets, etc. We would like to say that we understand when there is a problem, but there are also solutions. For example, boats may have "holding tanks" for wastewater and then empty it when they leave. As for waste, we paid for and installed garbage cans with stickers at the old Bali Hai hotel (Hotel Aimeo Lodge) so that boaters could put their waste in the garbage without saying: "I'm using someone's trash someone else has paid the fee to the municipality for my waste." We are waiting for the new mooring areas to be fixed by the municipality before proposing to deposit new garbage cans. They are actually being asked to take us as sources of solution because the municipality will not be able to manage everything on its own. If we work with all the players, we can manage and regulate so that this is as harmful as possible to the population.
Elected officials are very concerned about the risk of an accident in Tahiamanu. Do you understand their reactions?
Indeed, 40 boats on the site of Tahiamanu is too much. As a result, the boats overflow a little in the channel. But proposals have also been made on the issue of security.
We could have the bathers at Tahiamanu beach and place the boats motionless just after, to protect these bathers. The speed boats would pass through the channel, without crossing in the middle of the sailboats. In this case, bathers could do water activities quietly without fear of motor vehicles. If you limit the number of boats in Tahiamanu, you also have to give all users the opportunity to go there. If ten moorings are allowed in the PGEM in Tahiamanu, there should be a limited time for the use of dead bodies and a color code for each type of user. This would allow everyone to have the opportunity to go there and not harm the economic development of the island, charter companies or boating in general. We should actually say that there are too many, that we have to regulate and that we have to think about the number of anchorages that can be supported for the site.
Why do boaters really want to keep the Tahiamanu site as a mooring area?
It's a bit like when you go to Paris, you go to see the Eiffel Tower. When boaters from abroad come to Moorea, they come to see Tahiamanu. Before coming, they have already seen the site in the books or in the guides in which people tell of their stopover in Moorea. It is a mythical and emblematic anchorage, one of the most beautiful in French Polynesia. The view, the anchorage in the sand, the mountain, the bay: it's magical. The Tahiamanu site is one of the stops that resident boaters, international boaters or charter companies want to see.
This site and the one near the tiki (tiki submerged by the sculptor Tihoti in the lagoon of Papetoai, ed.) are among the must-see mooring sites of French Polynesia. In fact, we would like to see at least two to three dead bodies at the tiki site in the new PGEM so that boaters can go there during the day.
For Tahiamanu, it is also a question of security, a story of anchor. A boater does not have enough chain to wet in 20 meters deep. If there is a depth of 20 metres, you must put at least 60 meters of chain to be sure that your boat will not leave when there is a gale. But the boats do not have 60 meters of chain, because it is too heavy. In Tahiamanu, it is 5 meters deep while in the bay, it is deep. If, however, the municipality decides to put dead bodies in the bay, they must be maintained, checked. If they break, boaters could have problems with their boat and they would have been charged, in this case, at night to the dead body for nothing.
You often put forward the argument of the economic impact of the presence of boaters in Moorea. Could you give us some numbers?
There are two independent charter companies based in Moorea that do 150 to 200 charter days a year, knowing that a charter day costs an average of 100,000 francs. The company "Tahiti Sailing and Lagoon" makes 120 days a year of excursion for the ship Paul Gauguin. The company "Poe Charter" roughly charters 60 days a year with the liners. After that, there are independent renters who make an average of 5 to 10 days of excursion per year. In total, it is estimated that the charter companies together have 400 excursion days per year. Regarding the flow of international yachting, there are 700 boats from abroad that stay about ten days a year. That's why they're 7,000 nights. Their favourite mooring areas are Opunohu and Tahiamanu. Then there are the rallies, that is, sailboats that sail in groups. There are two to three rallies a year in which 30 boats sail together. It's like when you organize the event "Tahiti-Moorea sailing rendezvous", in which 60 boats participate. In this case, there is an organization that ensures that the boats are wet in the right place. The population has been totally involved in this event for fifteen years. The municipality also supports us. So we can't say that the municipality doesn't want sailboats, because it helps us in this type of activity.
Then there are the resident sailboats of French Polynesia. The AVP (Polynesia NaIf) has estimated that 30 to 40 boats regularly come to spend a weekend in Moorea. They also use and pay for several services, such as the hook-up (in Opunohu, ndir). They go to snacks, etc. The AVP also identified seven boats in Tahiamanu where residents of Sister Island live.
Would boaters agree to pay taxes to Moorea?
We agree to pay taxes. As everywhere in the world, you pay if there is a service. That is not a problem. But the idea is to pay every time you stop. Maybe we could pay a shipping tax when we return to French Polynesia. For example, a three-month stay could cost 100,000 francs. We could feed a fund with that money to finance infrastructure in the busiest sites. We're discussing it with the country.
In Moorea, charter companies and boaters agree to pay for the night to the dead body, because it happens like this in the world. But it is good that there is an associated service, such as wifi, garbage cans, guarding small annexes or laundry. There are plenty of small services that could be developed by the people of Moorea. There could be micro-activities and a small land-sea interface between the population and boaters, where they could find services or information about what to do in Moorea, such as parish festivals or the big balls. In this case, there would be an interaction between the boaters and the inhabitants of the island, no longer a wall. Customers of the charter companies will eat at the restaurant or go for a 4x4 tour of the island. International boaters go shopping for food; there are potential benefits for the population.
Not all boating issues in Moorea are new. How is it that this has lasted?
The mistake of the professionals is that they have done nothing. You could see that there were more and more boats, but no one thought it was necessary to structure, to organize. Today, therefore, we do not want the municipality to find itself alone in the face of this problem. We love our lagoon. We don't want the sites to be damaged or there are too many people. So we couldn't take advantage of it anymore. The idea is to work together: actors, professionals, commune and PGEM committee. Laugh
Interview by Toatane Rurua
While Polynesia is a great playground for experienced boaters or amateurs, some sailboat owners are unfortunately not always grateful.
As proof, the presence of a trimaran that lies between two waters a few cables from the luxurious bungalows on stilts of the InterContinental in Faa'a. Here's a wreck that does the job on the postcard paradise.
The cabin of this trimaran is partly submerged. Seawater enters permanently through the windows of the central hull and the starboard float has disappeared underwater.
Apart from the apparent good condition of the mat, leaning at 45 degrees, all the woodwork seems soaked and rotten. The boom, to which the mainsail is still attached, stings in the lagoon.
Despite the currents, the trimaran is fortunately still moored to a dead body. It stays out of the channel and is therefore not a potential hazard for boats operating in the area between buoys. But from an environmental point of view, the wreck age is not without risk.
Inside the sailboat, there may still be batteries. And if there is an engine, then there is potentially also fuel and oil.
Information taken at the Taina Marina, it seems that this ship has been in this unfortunate position for more than a year.
There is a better understanding of the dilapidated state of the materials. The owner, a notable of the place, would not be willing to act to resolve the situation.
At the time of his rental of the dead body and the boat still assured, the indelicate sailor would have guaranteed that his boat could be refloated at any time. Savvy boaters are well aware that this boat will never again return to sea, nor will it be usable at anchor.
In order to avoid pollution of the area, while the marina holds the Blue Flag, the owner would have been offered the help of the captaincy for a tow to a hold, so that the wreckage would be put dry, for possible rehabilitation.
It is hard to believe that this owner, also a diving enthusiast, is not concerned about the risk of pollution posed by his boat, doomed to sink. Unfortunately, this is not the only boat in this situation.
Doesn't the situation of a sailboat (the trimaran in front of the InterContinental) deliberately abandoned give a bad image of the boating community?
Yes, of course, it's a bad image. But these are not people who are part of our association, which aims to defend boating. With this boat, we'll never have fun again. In addition, it takes a place that could be allocated to someone who is sailing. And that's what our association promotes, it's that ability of people to navigate.
Isthis not the only case of abandoned boat in Tahiti?
There are a lot of boats floating and being abandoned. It's a problem for the ports. Because it takes up space. It's called garbage boats or suction cupboats. Whether the owner pays or not, whether he is identified or not, the problem is the same. It's a boat that won't sail anymore.
So why keep paying for a location and not get rid of that boat?
A responsible owner must consider the end of life of his boat. It's not easy because it's often a love story. But what can we do with this boat? It would take a chain to get rid of the boats, because today the sector is informal.
Seeing this, the sailboats become undesirable?
The association works on a positive image of the boater. Boats that do not move do not give this positive image of boating. Because boating means having a boat able to sail.
Should we accept houseboats?
Personally, this is not how I design boating which is to be able to go from mooring to mooring, freely. It is because some people behave badly that boating is misperceived. The good behaviours we are working for are to respect the lagoon, to be able to maneuver quickly if necessary, to have a maintained boat and, when it is at the end of its life, to consider its dismantling.
In the meantime, the bans are multiplying, as in Moorea?
Banning boats from anchoring, as on the Moorea PGEM, would result in saying: you have a boat to stay in a marina. Sailboats are not made to stay in marinas but to travel, go from anchorage to anchorage, to discover the region within the limits of regulations. We want to keep that opportunity within the limits of the law.