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Home Posts Categorized as “Environment”

Everything about ecology, waste management. Sailboats are not polluters.

ECONAV2

What end of life for pleasure boats in Polynesia?

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Florent Gachod, AVP Secretary - November 2019

 

90% of boat hulls are made of polyester, production began in the 1970s, intensifying until the 1980s, and the life of a composite boat is estimated at 40 years: recycling is now, here we are!
There is an urgent need to create a chain for these boats, it already exists in France, it remains to be created in Polynesia, this will allow to clean up abandoned boats, to free up space in marina for the benefit of other boaters and to give a positive image of our boating. Everybody's going to win!

 

1. Abandoning a boat:

But why are you abandoning his ship? There are as many reasons as there are stories of boats! But these are often reasons::

  • Financial
  • Family
  • Medical
  • Lack of time
  • Loss of interest

"Sometimes it's easier for a boater to abandon your ship than to take care of it..."
The owner is responsible for his boat, its abandonment may be subject to criminal prosecution
It is necessary to anticipate this abandonment and accompany the boater in a voluntary approach.

 

2. The voluntary approach:

'Abandoning' is sometimes the last chance solution, we have to frame the endofs of the life of the boats, we must make the administrative procedures of recycling accessible and all for free! This has already been the case in France since 1 January 2019 (Article L541-10-10) - the boater's only constraint is to take his boat to an approved deconstruction centre.

The voluntary approach is the solution because it helps to accompany the boater in the deconstruction of his ship, it allows above all to greatly limit the risk of abandonment.

 

3. How to legally evacuate an abandoned boat?

Just like a car a boat is privately owned. It cannot be moved, modified or destroyed without the owner's express permission, but there is an administrative procedure for the retirement of the wrecks. In France property rights are relatively well protected, so this procedure must be well respected, it can be summed up in this:

  • The port authority must make an assessment of the abandonment or obstruction
  • It sends the owner a notice to the owner to stop the abandonment or obstruction within 1 to 3 months (with advertising)
  • In case of non-response of the owner, the port authority asks the prefect of department to pronounce the forfeiture of ownership. The prefect must decide within 2 months
  • If the prefect pronounces forfeiture, the port authority must wait 2 months before proceed with the sale of the ship (need to advertise the forfeiture)

In theory this procedure can last 4 to 7 months but in practice it will certainly take longer. Ref. :

Some ports use a different simplified procedure that allows these boats to be removed more quickly:

  • Step 1: Sending a warning letter to the owner
  • Step 2: If there is no response, send a letter of formal notice
  • Step 3: If there is no answer, the port will put the boat ashore, at the owner's expense and at its own risk.
  • Step 4: After one year and one day there is loss of ownership and the boat can be deconstructed.

 

 

4. The steps of deconstructing a pleasure boat:

Example of a 9-step deconstruction:

  • 1. AUDIT: Environmental diagnostics including a study of the storage site and the boat
  • 2. The DESANDOFING of the boat, which is carried out at the Maritime Affairs Office, and then its RADIATION of the francization register to be carried out with Customs.
  • 3. TRANSPORT: transfer of the boat to the deconstruction centre
  • 4. DISARMAMENT: removal of navigational equipment and equipment
  • 5. DEPOLLUTION: recovery of different fluids (hydrocarbons, oil), batteries, ...
  • 6. ELIMINATION OF DANGEREUX WASTE: treatment in specific facilities with storage or incineration
  • 7. SELECTIVE DECONSTRUCTION: deconstruction of the different elements of the boat
  • 8. THE SHREDRING and grinding of the hull and deck, it is the sorting of waste and sending to the appropriate channels
  • 9. THE VALORISATION OF THE WASTE: in the channels adapted with traceability.

 

more about https://www.recyclermonbateau.fr/

 

5. Different ways to recycle a boat:

Recycling a boat is complex, it must be supervised and organized to limit the impact on the environment:

  • Crushing and burial: it's the most common and the easiest solution to put in place
  • Incineration:
    • Brute (so without material optimization)
    • In the form of CSR (Solid Repair Fuel), it is a set of non-recoverable waste in the form of pellets that will be used to power cement plants (for example), a very good alternative to fossil energy!
  • Valuation: re-use of the material, fiber/resin is integrated to the tune of 40% in fairly diverse products (e.g. the base of fences)
  • Steel or aluminum boats will be easily valued
  • Laminated plywood boats, varnishes, glues, ... difficult to recycle, incineration is often the only solution.
  • Reuse: giving a second life to an object/material

 

 

6. Organize by creating a sector:

In Polynesia, a recycling network must be created to effectively manage the end-of-life of pleasure boats. This network should bring together all the players who can help with the deconstruction, from the retirement to the final recycling of the ship: administration, marina, shipyard, user association, processing center, etc.

In practical terms, this could be summed up as:

  • DPAM and Customs
  • The Autonomous Port
  • The associations: the Maritime Cluster, the AVP, the FEPSM,
  • Marinas: Taina, Papeete, YCT, Vaiare, Taravao, Apooiti,
  • Construction sites: Technimarine, TNC, Raiatea Carénage, CNISLV, MMS, Apataki Carénage
  • Underwater work companies (refloating and recovery)
  • The crane, the transport
  • Treatment centres: Fenua Ma, Technival and Enviropol
  • The CET (Technical Burial Centre) in Paihoro
  • Motu Uta's CRT (Recycling and Transfer Centre)
  • ...

 

The entire network will be managed by an eco-organism that will structure and coordinate the entire sector. It will aim to:

  • Raising awareness and informing boaters
  • Accompanying shipyards and ports in administrative proceedings
  • Ensure payment of deconstruction from partners
  • Reducing deconstruction costs by offering partnerships and globalizing actions

 

7. What funding for recycling?

The cost of a complete recycling of a ship is expensive, in France it takes an average of 200 euros per meter (on-site delivery not included), but some companies manage to significantly reduce the bill by valuing and re-using Materials.

In France, the financing of boat recycling is done on several levels:

  • requesting an eco-contribution to manufacturers in the nautical sector
  • State endowment
  • Navigation tax (DAFN), from 2% to the 5% ceiling in 2022

In Polynesia we have to adapt the funding to our fenua:

  • Entry tax on Polynesian navigation zone
  • State endowment
  • Private grants

It is therefore imperative to organise a recycling of boats with waste recovery of all kinds to reduce the costs of deconstructing pleasure vessels. This sector will also be used for other types of waste, household and especially industrial.

The stakes are high, the task is colossal! but we must act now because it is the future of our fenua that is at stake.

 

THE RECYCLAGE IS THE AFFAIRE OF ALL
Let us protect our fenua for ourselves and for future generations.

 

Waste management on board –

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Every year in France a resident produces 354kg of waste, or 1kg per day!
And half of the waste is packaging!
On a sailboat it is possible to divide this amount by 4, or 250gr per day per person.

On board a sailboat, waste management is essential not to be overtaken. The principle applied by the majority of us is simple: what comes from the sea returns to the sea, everything else must return to shore.
As in a house you have to have 2 garbage cans: the green for recycling and the black one for the general (and the glass apart).

 

Recyclable:
Already we can significantly reduce the volume on board by removing the over-packaging (often exaggerated) and/or by favouring bulk when buying.
Packaging is bulky, there are compactors of plastic bottle or can. In the absence of this tool you can also cut the bottles into strips, it occupies the watchman or it can also make an activity for children!
Cans are cleaned with seawater (the only water in unlimited quantities...) and are relatively easy to crush if you open the other side.
The glass, even if it is silica (and therefore sand), will be set aside, because it would be a shame not to recycle it!

1Kg of packaging is 40 cans or 20 bottles 1.5L of water!

 

Organic waste:
The golden rule: in the lagoon or near the coast: no organic waste at sea.
A vegetable or fruit peel will be much happier to end your life in the land than on the sea, and then the land is never far away!
However, this waste can be discharged beyond 12 miles of coastline, or 3 miles if crushed or crushed and passed through a sieve with openings of no more than 25 millimetres (according to the rules of the Marpol Convention, Appendix V).

More than 12 miles from the coast!

 

Non-recyclable:
Meat tray, yoghurt jar, plastic pouch, polystyrene, plastic films, diapers panties, etc ... to put in the black trash with organic waste, once cleaned with seawater to limit the appearance of smell of 'carrion'...

too many plastics are released into rivers and land in the sea

 

The specifics:
Oils, batteries, batteries: the worst household pollutant!
1 litre of drain oil pollutes 1 km2 of water, or 1 m3 of earth, or 1,000,000 L of drinking water! Oil pollutes a lot ... and for a long time!
70% of the batteries are released in the trash, these batteries contain heavy metals that are toxic to humans. The worst of the batteries is the mercury button battery, only one of these batteries pollutes 1 m3 of soil for 50 years.
So we keep everything on board until we find specific bins for recycling, nothing is lost, everything is transformed, the recovery of our waste is the future.

Related: THE MORE DANGEREUSES OF OUR COASTs and OUR LAGONS

 

 

THE RECYCLAGE IS THE AFFAIRE OF ALL
Let us protect our planet for ourselves and for future generations.

 

 

Fantastic plastic?

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Dark clouds accumulate above the heights, then the wind intensifies the clouds move over us; it is the sign of a grain, time to close the windows, and to tuck in the linen and here the rain falls, drue, big, crackling, abundant.

The good sailor is always attentive to the signs of the weather.

The rain does not last but fills the buckets and the waste pickers with water in order to feed the tanks and on land to feed the greedy vegetation. Rain is a blessing.

It is then that the rain has stopped, that the show begins, with each downpour the scenario is the same, desolate. It is the dance of plastic accumulated in weirs, in gutters, anywhere and which pushed by wind and rain comes to accumulate in the waters of the lagoon. It's first a few bottles, then more and more and soon everything that happens to float, papers, bags, boxes of fruit juice, diapers panties ... all this is carried away by the current and heads to the reef to begin a more or less long journey into the beautiful ocean.

The hands of men and women have manufactured this pollution and no one seems able to stop or contain it. Everywhere, on all beaches, all the islands, all the coasts of the whole world the same plague is spreading.

The bravest and also the most desperate collect, sort, cram, collect, recover this plague hoping for an uncertain recycling. Too many different plastics, too many materials, too many incompatible molecules, too many soiled plastics, recycling solutions are almost inoperative.

Hent Eon Virginia Picks Up Bottles

Utopia to find an unstained planet, our children have not known the walking paths, picnic places, parks and gardens, beaches, hiking trails, shores without greasy papers, without plastic waste and probably do not will never know.

As long as we let the industrialists make non-recyclable containers, as long as the laws do not prohibit the marketing of these products, the world will be invaded by this.

 

Yet the discourse sities are always the same: guilty, it is the users who are the culprits, it is up to them to be careful, to sort, to consume differently, to strive to produce zero waste, to recycle, to find solutions, to pick up, collect, clean, etc... but during this time the industrialists continue to gorge, to produce more and more, not to take charge of the end of the life of their products. They are the ones who are at the root of all this pollution, the manufacturers of plastic bags, plastic glasses, forks, spoons, straws, toothbrushes, often useless packaging of all kinds.

While waiting for this blessed day when politicians will take their responsibilities in this area, indeed we must each at our level try to make a gesture, no matter how small, for the planet.

R2

Boater's Charter of Good Conduct in Polynesia

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This charter is created by the AVP and aims to define rules of good conduct for sailboats sailing in Polynesia in order to inform them about local practices and regulations, to improve their image with "terrian" residents and therefore harmonize behaviours in order to gain real recognition and acceptance among the authorities and the public.
The idea is to take against the train of restrictions that is marching against boating in Polynesia, showing our commitment to "regulate" by ourselves and show white paw in order to obtain flexibility in the restrictions to come and become the first actor of its own expansion and no longer be the mere spectator of the degradation of a pleasure boat that one does not wish.
It will be based on documentation and detailed information that will be developed in an appendix to explain why the issues are essential and how they can be implemented.
We will focus on providing simple and inexpensive answers and solutions to equip your boat if necessary to comply.

It is reserved exclusively for AVP members.

Each member of the AVP will be free to subscribe, or not.
Each subscription will be accompanied by a pavilion to show its commitment and willingness to do everything possible to respect it.

This charter will be scalable and developed in conjunction with the participation of partners involved in boating in Polynesia.

It will therefore be implemented with recommendations from all stakeholders who see fit to provide information on a course of action to limit the impact of boating on the area concerned. Partners can be environmental associations in general, as well as agencies from the administration or government, provided they are involved in our approach and their recommendations consistent and "non-liberticidal."

Here is the draft charter we have developed:

THE CHARTE OF GOOD CONDUITE OF THE ANATIONSNITERS IN POLYNESIA

ABOVE ALL, A COMMITMENT:

By adhering to this charter, I show my commitment to have an eco-responsible attitude, to respect the land and its people, the regulations and customs in force, and to protect the fauna and flora of Polynesia.

A PAVILION TO DISPLAY ITS COMMITMENT:

By flying the flag linked to this charter, I show the other boaters and the people that I have committed to respect it.


1 - No polluting discharge at sea and sorting waste

- I keep all my waste on board and sort it to recycle according to the available infrastructure on each island.
- I prefer an active eco-responsible attitude:
--- by picking up waste found at sea
---- by limiting the use of single-use plastic
--- using products with no effect on the environment

2 - Treatment of black water (toilets)

- I use my retention device and/or the infrastructure provided on land, in accordance with the current requirements to avoid discharges into the lagoon

3 - Respect for underwater flora and fauna

- I lay my anchor exclusively on a sand or mud background to preserve the coral
- I respect the fishing regulations (fish, shellfish, crustaceans, ...)
- I respect the distances and rules of observation of marine mammals

4 - Traffic in the lagoon

- I sail cautiously in the lagoon and approaching the beaches and swimmers
- I reduce my speed in moorings and in the vicinity of other boats

5 - Respect for the people and access to land

- I prefer access to public land near the anchorage when they exist
- Most of the land being private (motu - islets - included), access to the shore, fruit picking, sometimes the simple passage are subject to permission of the inhabitants.
- I anchor at a reasonable distance from the houses respecting the tranquility of the place
- I introduce myself, I communicate, and I ask the inhabitants of the specifics of the place visited.
- I keep a decent outfit close to the shore, boats and in contact with the people in general

6 - Maintenance of his ship

- I make every effort to keep my boat in a state of navigation and manoeuvrability
- I prefer fairing areas equipped to carry out the maintenance of my hull

7 - Solidarity, sharing and communication

- I defend the values of solidarity and mutual aid among seafarers
- I make my friends and family (especially children) aware of the protection and protection of our environment and the respect of this charter


SCOCÉAN SCOCÉAN CHARTE ANNEXES POLYNESIA:
ALTERNATIVES / SOLUTIONS / INFORMATIONS / PJINATING

In the charter, you will find links to these annexes: they aim to provide information, provide practical solutions to those who would not be able to implement it, and will identify all the recommendations of partners who would like to actively join and participate in the charter by using it as a communication channel to expose their problems to boaters.
She's TOTALLY EVOLUTIONARy!

Upgrade: CUVE with BLACK WATER on board, easy to install…

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The law prohibits, in more and more places, the discharge of organic waste in the lagoon and near the coast.
In Polynesia this equipment is mandatory in most lagoons as well as in marinas (the Moorea PGEM has made it mandatory in the lagoon since 2004)

The newer sailboats are all equipped with black water tanks. Yours isn't yet? Some installation tips.

Don't have room to install a black water tank? Install a soft one! easier to house, it is an economical, discreet solution, respectful of the environment and legal standards.

The idea and interpose a flexible and waterproof tank between your toilet and the hull valve.
The valve is closed, the materials passing through the toilet are held in the tank.
Vanne open, they go to sea (authorized more than 3 miles from the coast).
At the port, the drain is done by suction by a special nable mounted in the pass.

Two recommended solutions:
Tank above the toilet, filling by the toilet pump, evacuation at sea by gravity, at the port by the installation of the marina.
Tank under flotation, filling by the toilet pump, evacuation at sea by pump (electric or manual), at the port by the installation of the marina.

Depending on how the toilet will be used, options can be added: back valve, vent, odour filter, pipe diameter adapter, etc.

 

Technical features.

Tank:
Dimensions: bespoke, at the sides of the container (team, chest): no loss of space. Made in 2.4 mm thick double-skin PVC, supple, imputrescible, hot welded.
Glued and bolted nozzles for standard toilet hose (diam 38 mm inside, adapter if needed).
Welded attachment straps surrounding the tank (no snatching).
The tank being flexible, the level of filling is immediately visible, without the possibility of malfunctioning a gauge in a muddy environment. No surprises to worry about.

Circuit:
Ringed anti odor pipe diam 38 mm.
Bridge nable marked "WASTE."
Double stainless steel collar with each connection of the pipe.

Options by use:
Anti-return valve, if a hunting return is possible (depending on the configuration).
Airing by vent, odour filter, if the tank must stay long without being emptied.
Electric or manual pump, if the tank is under the flotation, for draining.

Note: Methane, a product of onshore black water fermentation, is odourless and twice as light as air. Unlike butane or propane, which are heavier and accumulate in the bottom, this is not to be feared with methane.
In addition, in salt water, fermentation is slowed down.

Tips for using:
As before, only put digestion products in the toilet.
Ideally, the paper will have a separate garbage can, as is done in many countries. Alternatively, choose a paper that is well-deformed with water (put a sheet in a glass of water, wait and stir to see if it remains in sheet or disperses into particles).
To clean and de-startthels, continue to use vinegar but avoid chlorine (Javel) even when solutioned in rinse water (this does not affect the tank but the flora and fauna).

Outdated distress flares?

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How do I get rid of it?

Imperatively in one of the voluntary contribution points set up in Tahiti. Especially NOT in a green or grey bin!

Shooting them during fireworks is also not a good way to get rid of them. Photo: Pascal Baudet, Venus Point, January 1, 2019

The Dispatch and the excellent Damien GRIVOIS inform us:

Source: http://www.ladepeche.pf/points-dapport-volontaire-enfin-solution-fusees-de-detresse-perimees/

Boaters and marine professionals can now dispose of their expired flares free of charge and safely since 12 December. Indeed, the fenua Ma trade union, the Maritime Cluster and the Country have decided to set up nine public points in Papeete, Arue, Punaauia and Taravao for the recovery of these dangerous pyrotechnic devices. No supply points are planned for the islands to date, as Fenua Ma's jurisdiction is limited to the Windward Islands.

"While distress flares save lives at sea, they can also, once out of date, prove dangerous for the boater and the environment," the director of the Nautisport partner in Fare Ute recalled on Thursday morning in the car park of the Nautisport Fenua Ma, Benoit Layrle. And man knows something about it, since used flares have already caused fires at the Paihoro Technical Landfill Centre (CET) and the Motu Uta sorting centre, causing damage of tens of millions of Francs.

The pyrotechnic devices recovered from the voluntary supply points will then be repatriated by Fenua and then rendered inert: the union will sink them into concrete inside 200-litre drums. [note de l’AVP, on se demande ce que deviennent ces drums… aaah ils seront immergés avec les épaves de navires]The devices involved are floating smoke, red parachute rockets, ocean signal flares, games of three red hand lights in the offshore box and finally the sets of three red DNS handlights.

The places of depot are Nautisport in Fare Ute, Sailtech, the fishing port and the reprocessing and sorting centre of Motu Uta (Papeete), the Yacht Club of Tahiti (Arue), the Taina Marina (Punaauia), the Ace and Nautisport Industrie-NSI stores (Taravao) and finally the centre Paihoro's technical burial.

https://www.tntv.pf/De-nouvelles-bornes-pour-les-fusees-de-detresse-perimees_a29555.html

 

 

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